Test Instrumentation

Enter Your Electronics & Design Project for a chance to win a Grand Prize for Originality, a Tool Set, and a $100 Shopping Cart!

Back to The Project14 homepage

Project14 Home
Monthly Themes
Monthly Theme Poll

 

I have been playing around with the soft latch circuit that enables PITS to be turned on / off with a single non-latching switch. I had problems getting the original circuit to work correctly on the breadboard.

 

Soft Latch Original Circuit

 

A discussion regarding the soft latch circuit in Project PITS update blog, and genebren provided an alternative circuit for me to investigate.

 

Alternative soft latch circuit

Whilst wiring up this alternative circuit, I found out that I had a silly moment and identified the termination of the NPN transistor incorrectly and had swapped over the collector and emitter. In the photo below, I have crossed out the incorrect terminal markings and written in the correct ones.

 

Transistor pinouts

 

With the circuit rebuilt with the transistors wired in correctly, the original circuit now functions correctly and will turn both on and off. So I decided to do a comparison between the two circuits, the logical placed seemed to be to start with a comparison of the BOMs. As can be seen in the table below, the original circuit uses 10 components and the alternative 11. However, the alternative circuit can be built slightly cheaper than the original circuit.

 

Parts List

 

For both circuits, I measured operating current in three different states and the operating times for different options of each of the circuits.

 

Load current details

 

Operating times

 

It was noted that the alternative circuit drew slightly less current than the original circuit, the alternative circuit also dropped to the minimal current within a second of turning off, where as the original circuit took over 10 seconds for the current to drop from around 5.1uA to the 0.02uA.

 

Original shutdown profile Alternative circuit shutdown

 

The alternative circuit originally took 7 seconds for the circuit voltage to drop down to zero, this time was reduced down to 2 seconds by reducing the 4.7uF capacitor down to 1uF. Although to be honest, for my application, I don't think the slow voltage turn off is any issue at all.

 

Reduced shutdown for alternative circuit

One problem I did have with the alternative circuit, that I have not resolved yet, was that it would not shutdown when the input voltage was less than 3.8V, which could be a problem for me given that I intend to power the circuit from an 18650 cell.

 

I also looked at modified circuits for the original circuit after reading through the comments on the EEVBlog.

 

Original circuit options

The first modification was to add a resistor between the capacitor and the collector of the the second transistor to reduce the current surge into the transistor base when the switch was closed.

 

The second modification was to add a 1nF capacitor to the transistor bases from ground. This was done to prevent the circuit from automatically turning on when power is first applied. I personally didn't have an issue with this, but I did also notice that the negative spike during start up was removed when this capacitor was fitted.

 

Original circuit shutdown Start up profile 3

Shutdown profile for original circuit

 

Due to the issue surrounding the low battery voltage on the alternative circuit, I will stick to the original soft latch circuit. This leaves me with the PCB to modify to correct the original mistake and add in the two extra components.