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2015

Geocaching

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Hi Everyone.

 

As you know, we've been busy adding new locations to our Atlas of Scientific Achievement above. We're now up to ~120 data points tracking everything from the invention of the first transistor to the formulation of the Big Bang theory. From the invention of the laser to the discovery of the earliest hominids in East Africa. It's been amazing watching the history of human discovery come alive before our very eyes, and we're thrilled to see that you're also getting into it, and are suggesting new locations for us to include.

 

(What's that? Haven't seen the Atlas yet? Well check it out! )

 

We thought we should share each week's suggestions with you here and see what you make of them. Which of the suggested entries below stand out to you and should be included in the Atlas? Are there any you think we should not include? Given that we're a community of electronic engineers, it's no surprise that a lot of our locations skew toward discoveries in electronics, like Jack Kilby demonstrating the first working integrated circuit. But we also want the Atlas to encompass all kinds of scientific discoveries-- electronic, physical, medical, biological, astronomical, and so on.

 

Our team is working hard to add your suggestions to the Atlas. So check out this week's suggestions and tell us which ones grab your attention and what you'd like to see added. And if you have any new suggestions, please add them here and we'll be sure to include them in next week's round-up. (Remember, if you include your name, we'll be sure to credit you in that location's pop-up text.)

 

Here are this week's suggestions.

 

                                                                                                                 
ItemDate AddedEventLocation
16/16/2015Julius Richard Petri (May 31, 1852 – December 20, 1921) was a  German microbiologist who is generally credited with inventing the Petri dish  while working as assistant to pioneering bacteriologist Robert Koch.Berlin, Germany
26/16/20151st digital computer invented by John Atanasoff and Clifford  Berry 1941Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa USA
   
    N 42 01.688  W 093 38.974
36/16/2015Guglielmo  Marconi was born hereBologna, Italy
46/16/2015The Nuclear Submarine.  As  The Historic Naval Ships Association points out, before the U.S.S. Nautilus  hit the water in 1954 submarines were really submersibles; boats that could  go underwater but not for very long. The Nautilus, built in Groton, CT. by  the Electric Boat Company and running on nuclear power, could stay underwater  for months at a time because it created its own power. Part publicity stunt,  part "˜hope you're watching, Russia,' the Nautilus even took a trip  under the North Pole ice. All of these facts have been drilled into the heads  of bored Connecticut middle schoolers being forced to visit the docked ship  on class trips.Groton, Connecticut. N 41 20.862 W 72 4.863
56/17/2015In 1923, De la Cierva's first successful Autogiro was flown in  Spain .
    Primer vuelo del Autogiro de Juan de la Cierva. Realizó un vuelo entre la  base aérea de Getafe y la base aérea de Cuatro Vientos
40.303414, -3.724211
66/17/2015Ictineo II was a pioneering submarine launched in 1864 by  engineer Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol of Catalonia, Spain and was the first  air independent and combustion powered submarine and was the first submarine  to overcome the basic problems of machine powered underwater navigation.41.375130, 2.187405
76/17/2015Multistage rocket - Conrad Haas/Konrad Haas
   
    Between 1529 and 1556, he wrote a book in German language in which he  described rocket technology, involving the combination of fireworks and  weapons technologies. This manuscript was discovered in 1961, in the Sibiu  public records (Sibiu public records Varia II 374).
   
   
    Diagram of multi-staged rocket by Conrad Haas
    In this work Haas dealt with the technical details of rocket construction,  explaining the working principles of a rocket. He described many rocket  types, including the multi-stage rocket, bundled rockets, and the idea of  modern spacecraft. His work also dealt with the theory of motion of  multi-stage rockets, different fuel mixtures using liquid fuel, and introduced  delta-shape fins and bell-shaped nozzles.
   
    In the last paragraph of his chapter on the military use of rockets, he  wrote (translated):
   
    "But my advice is for more peace and no war, leaving the rifles calmly  in storage, so the bullet is not fired, the gunpowder is not burned or wet,  so the prince keeps his money, the arsenal master his life; that is the  advice Conrad Haas gives."
Kempel Barracks - Sibiu Arsenal.
    Piata Armelor Sibiu, Romania
    Latitude: 45.795762 | Longitude: 24.145395
86/17/2015Photonic crystalBell Communications Research, Navesink Research Center, Red  Bank, New Jersey 07701, USA
    &
    Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544,  USA
96/17/2015Electric  generator29, Avenue des Ternes, 17e arrondissement, 75008 Paris, France
106/17/2015Saxophonerue Myrha, 18e arrondissement, 75018 Paris,
    France
116/17/2015The speech of Albert 1st, King of of the Belgians, held in  Seraing on October 1st, 1927, is at the origin of the Belgian National Fund  for Scientific Research (F.R.S.-FNRS)N 50.603095; E 5.551774
126/17/2015Illusion of a  moving image by Joseph PlateauUniversité de Liège
    Place du 20 Août, 7
    4000 Liège
    Belgium
136/17/2015World Wide Web  invented by Robert Cailliau and Sir Tim Berners-Lee.Route de Meyrin 385
    1217 Meyrin
    Switzerland
146/17/2015Submarines were first built by Dutch inventor Cornelius van  Drebel in the early 17th century, but it was not until 150 years later that  they were first used in naval combat. David Bushnell, an American inventor,  began building underwater mines while a student at Yale University. Deciding  that a submarine would be the best means of delivering his mines in warfare,  he built an eight-foot-long wooden submersible that was christened the Turtle  for its shape. Large enough to accommodate one operator, the submarine was  entirely hand-powered. Lead ballast kept the craft balanced.
   
    Donated to the Patriot cause after the outbreak of war with Britain in  1775, Ezra Lee piloted the craft unnoticed out to the 64-gun HMS Eagle in New  York Harbor on September 7, 1776. As Lee worked to anchor a time bomb to the  hull, he could see British seamen on the deck above, but they failed to  notice the strange craft below the surface. Lee had almost secured the bomb  when his boring tools failed to penetrate a layer of iron sheathing. He  retreated, and the bomb exploded nearby, causing no harm to either the Eagle  or the Turtle.
   
    During the next week, the Turtle made several more attempts to sink British  ships on the Hudson River, but each time it failed, owing to the operator’s  lack of skill. Only Bushnell was really able to competently execute the  submarine’s complicated functions, but because of his physical frailty he was  unable to pilot the Turtle in any of its combat missions. During the Battle  of Fort Lee, the Turtle was lost when the American sloop transporting it was  sunk by the British.
   
    Despite the failures of the Turtle, General George Washington gave Bushnell  a commission as an Army engineer, and the drifting mines he constructed  destroyed the British frigate Cereberus and wreaked havoc against other  British ships. After the war, he became commander of the U.S. Army Corps of  Engineers stationed at West Point.
Yale Connecticut USA
156/17/2015Praline (Belgian  praline) invented by Frédéric NeuhausGalerie de la Reine 25-27
    1000 Brussels
    Belgium
166/17/2015Eli Whitney (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American  inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key  inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the  Antebellum South.[1] Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a  profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the  United States. Despite the social and economic impact of his invention,  Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton  gin. Thereafter, he turned his attention into securing contracts with the  government in the manufacture of muskets for the newly formed United States  Army. He continued making arms and inventing until his death in 1825.Studied at Yale in new haven Connecticut USA
176/17/2015Birthplace of Fiber Optic cabling
   
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Charles_K._Kaohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_Telecommunication_Laboratories)
Harlow, Essex, UK
186/17/2015Dollarway Road
    The US Interstate Highway System is  listed as the largest public works project (about 47,000 miles) ever  undertaken in the history of mankind and the technique of Asphalt Pavement  over a special mix of concrete was invented here in Arkansas on what was to  be called the Dollarway Road because the cost, even including the 9 feet of  compacted gravel on each side (now called road shoulders) per linear foot was  $1.00  The Federal Government, looking  for smooth roads to connect the whole country heard about this very smooth  road surface in Arkansas that motorist from all across the country and even  from around the world were shipping their cars by rail to drive on so after  some investigation of it, copied what was invented here, and it has spread  throughout the world. The beginning of our modern day roads started with this  9 foot wide 24 miles long smooth asphalt over concrete with 9ft compacted  gravel passing lanes on each side. *The whole thing started with a bicycle  club in Little Rock asking the governor for smoother roads to ride on.*
Pine Bluff - Redfield, Arkansas    USA
    In 1913 the proposed 14 miles of newly invented road surface that began in  Pine Bluff, Arkansas grew to 24 miles long. You could drive wide open, 24mph,  here and some citizens petitioned the State to stop it because man was never  supposed to go that fast.
    Some un-retouched, un-repaired surfaces of this original 1913 road can be  found here at Dollarway Road Park in Redfield, AR. USA
    N 34° 26.009 W 092° 10.861
196/18/2015Smallpox VaccineDr Jenner's House
    Church Lane, Berkeley GL13 9BN, United Kingdom
206/18/2015Edwin Beard  Budding's lawn mower and adjustable spannerPhoenix Works, Stroud, Gloucestershire GL5 2BU
216/18/2015Isambard Kingdom Brunel
    Designed Bristol Temple Meads station, Clifton Suspension Bridge, the SS  Great Britan... amongst other things in the South West of England...
    Take your pick!
Bristol, United Kingdom:
   
    Temple Meads station @ Temple Meads Railway Station, Station Approach,  Bristol BS1 6QF
   
    Clifton Suspension Bridge @ Bridgemaster's Office, Bridge Road, Bristol,  North Somerset BS8 3PA
   
    SS Great Britain @ Great Western Dockyard, Gas Ferry Rd, Bristol BS1 6TY
226/19/2015The Pap Smear Test, the most successful cancer screening  technique in history, designed to identify abnormal cells to diagnose  cervical cancer. It was named after its inventor, Dr. George Nicholas  Papanicolaou. Discovered in 1928.Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY  10065, USA
236/19/2015Fermi 1 was the first commercial Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor.  Criticality was achieved in August 1963. It's design capacity was 430 MWth.6400 N. Dixie Hwy., Newport, MI, 48166, USA
    41.960133,-83.2576323
246/20/2015Reiskrater Museum in Nordlingen, Germany where a piece of a moon  rock was donated by NASA. Astronauts are shown on the moon. This crater was  used by NASA Astronauts to practice walking on he moon.
   
    We are visiting Europe from Canton, Ohio and visited this Museum on our two  month by ourselves adventure. We have geocached in the Nederlnds, France,  Belgium, Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, and Austria. It was one of our  adventures to qualify for GC3W2RP, GC4Y2KG, and GC4EGJ6. We now qualify for  GC3W2RP but will probably take our trip to Israel next year to qualify for  the other two. Just to brag a little, we have completed the Cache Across  America, GC12E08. TheView (Ed and Nancy)
Nordlingen,  Germany
256/21/2015The invention of the jet boat:
   
    In the early 1950s, when Sir William Hamilton began experimenting with  marine jets, he followed the lead of the most successful invention to date,  the American Hanley Hydrojet. Using a round centrifugal water pump that drew  in the water and expelled it through a steer able nozzle under the boat, he  was able to achieve an encouraging but unspectacular speed of 11 mile per  hour.
   
    In 1954, a slight modification to expel the jet stream above the waterline  proved the turning point in marine jet propulsion, increasing speed to 17mph  and eliminating all underwater appendages. Waterjet propulsion was at last  truly successful and the Hamilton Waterjet was born.
Middleton,  Christchurch, New Zealand
266/23/2015Development of the modern jetboat by Sir Charles William  "Bill" Feilden Hamilton.Fairlie, South  Island, New Zealand
276/23/2015X Ray CT  Tomography machine developed by Sir Godfrey Hounsfield and team.Latitude. 51.520998000000000000.    Longitude. -0.416057200000068400
   
    EMI Research Labs hayes middlesex UK
286/28/2015Development of  the first nuclear rocket engine. 36°48'20.95"N
    116°16'22.00"W
    NRDS Nuclear rocket development site, Jackass flats, Nevada on the Nevada  test site

Geocahing App

I've always been an active sort of guy. I've played many sports over the years; Football, Basketball, Cricket, Rugby you name it I'm pretty sure I've at least tried it. I also love to walk and have loved being in the woods since I was a child. I suppose it was this affinity to being active and the love of being outdoors that led me to try Geocaching-after being told all about it by Christopher Stanton

 

I think the idea of a grown up treasure hunt grabbed me and I knew that the idea would keep pecking away at me unless I tried it for myself.

 

I visited the geocaching.com website and had a quick shuffle through to get a feel for it. It was easy to get started, I simply downloaded the App ad entered by postcode and was show a number of dots (caches) near me and made a rather interesting discovery: the closest cache to my house was actually maintained by a member of our family on my fiancee's side (the name of the cache included her family surname which is rather unique). It turns out they manage loads of caches across europe and have been doing it or years!

Out in the woods

 

So one morning I set off, the geocaching.com app blinking away on my phone and Oscar (our dog and for all intents and purposes my sidekick in this adventure) in tow. I walked our usual route and eventually came to where the app was telling me the cache was. I knew from the app that it was accurate to within 10 meters or so. This was where I had my second surprise: I was in the same spot where I had proposed to my fiancee! Not relevant but it was kind of a nice moment

all the same...


Anyway, I began to look for the cache (having no idea what size it was ensured I was occupied for a while) and other dog walkers began to

pass through. Some of them looked at me like I was mad (I couldn't blame them considering I was climbing trees and shifting through bushes) while others stopped and asked what I had lost. I explained what I was doing and received mixed interest- some simply said have fun while others asked more questions. After about an hour of searching I finally had to admit defeat and head home. The dog was happy as he had had a great adventure in the woods while I was rather disappointed to not have found the cache. I felt cheated and more than a little grumpy about the thought of telling my fiancee I hadn't

Oscar on the trail

found anything...

 

I later found out that the one I was looking for had been placed over a year ago and that it may not be maintained...I hadn't failed in finding it, it simply wasn't there!


It was all in all, a fantastic experience, both from the perspective of trying something new and finding out something new about my soon to be family. The reason why I'll be trying it again isn't because I was unsuccessful, it was the feeling that I had because I was unsuccessful- if I hadn't been bothered it would have shown me that I probably wouldn't do it again but the fact I was disappointed actually ignited something in me I hadn't felt since before quitting football: competitiveness. The feeling of not being beat, of achieving my goal and the feeling of fulfillment of finding the treasure...I mean cache .

 

Next time I will have Oscar, my fiancee and my son in tow and (hopefully) we'll find a cache .