Version 49

    Arduino Home

    An Open-Source platform to create digital devices and interactive objects that sense and control physical devices.

    Arduino Tutorials
    Arduino Projects


    This has been extended till Jan 28th to accommodate members desire for more time over the holidays as well as internal and logistical concerns.



    {tabbedtable} Tab LabelTab Content
    The Winners

    Congratulations to hobo, mau_igna_06daniloo94 , 14rhb , dougw , snidhi , mahmood.hassan , BigG , and fmilburn !    You are kit winners of the Smarter World Contest!  You will receive a Pair of Arduino MKR LoRa Boards and an MKR Relay Shield!


    Remember, if you've got a Smarter World project that uses an MRK WAN 1300 board you can still win the Grand Prize, an Arduino Engineering Kit, if you submit your project in  Arduino Projects or on the element14 community using the tag MKR_smarterworld!


    The contest is open to anyone who wants to participate.  You do not need to win kit in order to enter to win the Grand Prize, an Arduino Engineering Kit.  Simply submit your completed project in the form of a blog under Arduino Projects  or tag it with mkr_smarterworld by January 7th, 2019 for a chance to win.


    On January 9th we'll announce the Grand Prize Winner of an Arduino Engineering Kit for project that best demonstrates how an engineer would use the Arduino MKR WAN 1300 in their project.


    Anyone that submits a completed Arduino MKR WAN 1300 project by the deadline can win the grand prize.


    Key Dates:


    Kit Winners Announced:2nd November 2018
    Completed Project Deadline:28th January 2019
    Grand Prize Winners Announcement:3rd February 2019
    Winning Entries

    hobo writes:


    We are a small startup, trying to make an agri node to monitor fields.

    Basically measure air temp, humidity and pressure. Soil moisture, temperature and OH level. Take advantage of Lora advanced range and low power consumption to make it viable for large, remote fields. Nodes will be modular depending on farmer requirements. Also soil sensors will be in layers in order to monitor different papers of the rot system. Eventually we will have a solar panel and a small propella for wind speed measurement/energy harvesting.

    Soft will have real time data visualization with a choice between a heat map, graph, chart, etc.

    And in the end perhaps we shall have a relay to control the irrigation system solenoid.

    Architecture will be meshed, both a gateway and nodes acting as relays to extend range.

    We are already working on it, but it is too big as of now, Arduino to control sensors, Lora board to send data, power, casing etc.


    mau_igna_06 writes:


    Proposal: Smart rural road managing system for Farms


    1. The problem

    2. The solution


    1. The problem

    Dirt road with puddles and mud are common view for farmers or workers in rural areas that need to travel from a near by location to their workfield such as shown in Figure 1


    Figure 1: Rural road after a heavy rain night


    This causes some problems for the ones traveling because they have to turn around and find an alternative path losing time if they don't want to risk the integrity of their vehicule or at least not getting stucked; unless they have specialized vehicule with 4x4 transmission with the risk of damaging the road by carving it.


    Farms usually have alternative paths to get to a location (see Figure 2) so muddy paths should be avoid until the roads are again passable.

    Figure 2: Aerial view of farm showing alternative paths


    Also, alternative roads are controlled by gateways (See Figure 3).


    Figure 3: A gateway



    2. The solution


    Through a stationary sensor we can detect a muddy road (e.g. a photosensor that measures changes in road reflectivity can inform about puddle existance) in frequent-issue-sections of the path. And automatic opening and closing of the gates can be programmed on a motor controller.


    Then Arduino MKR (LoRa Connectivity) WAN 1300 Boards are used for connectivity between the sensors and the control server next to the gate, the MKR Relay Proto Shield is used to allow send power to the gate-managing motor.



    Note: This idea was propoused having into account the available devices. For it to be a scalable, a main control server may required along with communications and power-control devices for all gateways; and more sensing and LoRa communication devices for full rural path coverage.


    daniloo94 writes:



    Using the long range of  Lora and your Low power consumption i want to build an environment node sensor network to detect to detect events such as forest fires in isolated areas to help to help firefighters detect fire outbreaks rather than if they spread through all vegetation. I can use simple nodes with mq-2 spread across the forest and use the WAN 1300 as a gateway.



    Initially, I thought of using smoke sensors on each of the nodes that make up the system, but I think that an approach using IR sensors together would possibly generate a better result. Your idea of adding a help button is really a great idea, since it would be possible to help even those who are lost in the forest.


    Elderly Person in the Community Care: Arduino MKR 1300 WAN by 14rhb :



    Some parts of the world elderly relatives are cared for and their wisdom respected in the family. Unfortunately, perhaps due to social-economic reasons, there seems to be more news headlines about elderly persons in the UK struggling with a whole host of issues. The social changes in the UK over recent decades means that many older people are living alone and often do not get the friends or family visits that perhaps once was common place. The cost of care homes is sometimes prohibitive or just not agreeable in principle and so these older people stay in their homes. There is likely a period of time from being fully active in retirement to needing specialist or full-time care that they could benefit from some light-duty, low-cost care. This might include:


    • Someone to call if they don't seem to be moving during long periods of the daytime?
    • If their heart rate seems abnormal.
    • Someone they can ask to call around for a minor issue
    • Someone they can call out for a major issue, but perhaps not life threatening.


    Technology could help in such instances and a simple and common Android App for messaging back to a local 'warden' control centre (WCC) would likely suffice to give some reassurance. Such a solution would rely on the use of a mobile which can be awkward in concept for some elderly people, perhaps with poor vision or dexterity issues. It would also need a paid 3G/4G service provider or home WiFi.


    My proposal is that LoRa, with its low data rate, no service costs and wider range, could provide a means to get simple status messages from the elderly people (the Nodes) back to the WCC. The warden would be able to monitor multiple nodes - perhaps from a car so they can operate on their own or from a base and call a colleague to do the home visits as required. Being battery powered the LoRa nodes could be portable so the elderly person could take it out with them. This idea may need expanding if away from the home so the location data can be sent to the WCC. Each of the nodes would be registered onto the system and the WCC would know the address of each node. The aim would be to make something that was technically robust whilst also easy to operate.


    Therefore my project proposal, which I have called Elderly Person in the Community Care (EPCC), requires some LoRa nodes...and two would form a good concept demonstrator.


    Each LoRa node (one for the demo setup) would have the following functionality:

    • A RTCC
    • Movement Detection
    • Expansion to include heart rate?
    • Expansion to include GPS?
    • An emergency button
    • A 'please visit' button
    • I'm OK - resets the internal timer for preset period.
    • A multicolour status LED

    This information can be periodically sent back to the WCC or sent immediately on change of the buttons. It would only occupy a few bytes which would be ideal for LoRa.

    • The WCC setup would consist of the other LoRa node and incorporate the Arduino relay board - I would use that to drive an audible/visible alarm should any of the monitored nodes send out their emergency signal.
    • The WCC node would also include either an information panel to display the status of the managed nodes or individual multicolour LEDs for each node (perhaps green=ok, amber=please call, red=emergency)


    The WCC would form an appropriate action plan for their particular setup. Perhaps their first reaction would be to call the household phone number/mobile, to contact a next door neighbour by phone or to drive straight around to the node location.


    dougw writes:


    I would like to design a general purpose plug-and-play platform for wireless IoT edge applications based on MKR series modules.

    To implement this concept, I would design a carrier PCB that breaks out the MKR pins into standard connectors for Grove digital, Grove analog, Grove I2C, Grove uart, SPI LCD, servo motors, and GPS. The carrier would also implement a flexible power scheme to run off batteries.

    I would also design a 3D printed case for the platform.

    Th first 2 applications I would use the system for would be:

    1. a wireless RFID reader - this system would use the Arduino MKR WiFi 1010 for its main controller
    2. a LoRa GPS system that would be able to send its location back through a LoRa gateway - this system would use the Arduino MKR WAN 1300 for its main controller.

    I have a LoRa Gateway and as mentioned in the other MKR post, my first LoRa application would be to make a LoRa GPS platform that can expand to include sensors and controls. But the first version with GPS will tell me what kind of range I can get with LoRa radio from this location. The Platform would consist of a MKR LoRa module plugged onto a custom PCB with GPS, LCD and general purpose standard interface connectors plus a battery all enclosed in a 3D printed case.


    Simple Solar Bot (Re-purposed with MKR WAN 1300) by snidhi :


    I would like to upgrade my Solar BOT with either Arduino MKR WIFI 1010 or Arduino MKR WAN 1300 for remote control.



    Simple Power Bot was conceived as a simple solar powered robot capable of harnessing energy from solar panels. Part of this project involved learning more about how an Arduino handled power consumption and whether it could get the voltage and current that it needed from solar power boards. What's really impressive, is the fact that this was snidhi 's first attempt working with solar energy, an undertaking that she was very enthusiastic about.  If everything goes according to plan, the Simple Solar Bot would be able to self sustain its energy requirements and be smart enough to go into sleep mode to consume less energy when there was no activity.  Adjustments were necessary throughout the process to nail down the right motors to use for the mechanical design.  This project involves an Arduino NaNo





    "This project should be first place. It followed the theme and was completed. Being the first solar project by snidhi made it even better. ...Very detailed steps on how this project was created. From schematics, video, images and text. It could be re-made by many with the information included. ...Many uploaded videos detailing the continued progress throughout the project. The final video submission proves that it works and has a lot of potential. ...The project was original and very well planned. ...This being S Nidhi's first time working with solar power made it more impressive. There were some issues that were overcome with a couple of changes. ...Feedback was positive and encouraging." - Community Member Feedback



    "This was a great lesson in overcoming deficiencies in initial plans and persevering to complete your goals". - Community Member Judge





    "There was plenty of detail to follow, nice videos and a great sense of motivation." - Community Member Judge





    Smart Little/Special Child Safety Watch by mahmood.hassan :



    We all have little kids in our homes and every parent want to make sure that their kids are safe whenever they go outside of their homes. At the same time we also have little kids in our homes or around us how are special or little enough so they cant remember home address or their way back to home if they accidentally leave home and go little far away. And its very tough situations for parents if they cant find their little/special(mentally unstable etc) kids. Also if kids are in any sort of bad situation every parent want to help them but if they don't have any means to call for help or they don't have cell phone or unable to use it then there is no way to help/protect them.



    To solve such issues long range of LORA module come into play. Design and built a smart watch using Arduino MKR 1300 equipped with GPS for the kids. And Other MKR module at home connected with display and alarm. Also internet connectivity is a plus point. Parent can set a Geo fence for the kids so whenever they go beyond that area it can alert the parents with there live Geo location. Also kids can alert their parent about any emergency/dangerous situation by simply pushing a button. Biggest advantage of using MKR module over GSM based is cost effectiveness and low power consumption. To built a Smart community we can also add multiple control modules at different public places and connect all these to one main server. In case of emergency MKR can connect to any of the available control module and alert their parent or law enforcement for timely action and to take preventive measures.



    • Arduino MKR1300
    • Relay board
    • Display
    • GPS module


    I haven't used Arduino MKR 1300 or any LORA module. But did a little research about its range and find out its 10KM+ in open line of sight but in real life application we don't have clear line of sight between 2 modules. So according to Murata forum its tested for upto 7KM and it worked fine. (not sure about the antenna + power amplification they used) 7KM is enough range to monitor little/special kids if they go outside or forget there way back to home. And by building a community to MKR modules range can be extended. Each home module will be connected to main server through internet. So information can be transferred between any 2 nodes.


    Another possible application is building a mesh network of multiple MKR1300 based smart watches for ski resort/hiking etc so it will be easier to find out anyone who is missing during landslide/avalanche


    Communal-based Access Control using an Arduino MKR 1300 WAN by BigG


    There has always been a dilemma on how to manage public amenities effectively. One the one hand, if amenities have open access and are not monitored then anti-social problems tend to arise. While on the other hand, if access control is introduced then there is always a cost associated with operations and maintenance and in many cases there is no business case to provide supervised monitoring services, or it is operationally or technically not viable to introduce more advanced access control solutions. So a padlock and key or a simple keypad ends up being used which has its limitations and drawbacks.


    My proposal is to develop an access control device using LoRa, which is a free to use local wireless area network, as the means to handle event messaging between the remote device and the central connected gateway, which can then be managed remotely by the community responsible for the local amenity.


    The proposed project will also repurpose and will certainly enhance an idea I had originally developed earlier and published on (an Element14 sister company), which I called “Grovey Slocks” (as it used grove modules and was attempting to be a smart lock).


    My new “LoRaSlocks” solution, aims to use a similar data flow topology I had developed for GroveySlocks where the person wanting access to a particular amenity requires a smartphone which can connect to the Internet using the 3/4G mobile data network.



    In this case, the cellular connected smartphone will first connect with the lock locally using Bluetooth low energy (in my opinion, BLE removes the necessity for keypads and provides a much better peer-to-peer data exchange or communication platform than NFC can provide). This connection simply verifies the legitimacy of mobile app being used on the smartphone. This connection process also wakes up the LoRaSlocks device and causes the device to send a message to the gateway saying “someone wants access”. This message is then relayed either locally via a local gateway interface or via the Internet to someone in the community, which will receive a notification via a messaging app such as Messenger or Slack, for example.


    All sorts of design options are then opened up from either providing an automated response or a manual access approval response, which would be required from someone in the community linked via say a Slack or Messenger group. You could even have it that someone in the community could then chat with the person wanting access etc. to obtain further verification via the messaging system. No doubt there are trade-offs between levels of validation and latency or length of time the person has to wait before access is given.


    The approval process will then send an encrypted access code to the person via their mobile app and the LoRaSlock’s device will then also receive a code via the LoRa wireless connection. The smartphone app then decrypts the code received and then sends an access code via the BLE connection. When the codes match the LoRaSlocks device releases the locking mechanism and allows access.



    The device itself will use the relay to activate a solenoid based electromagnetic lock release mechanism, once the correct data has been received and matches the authorisation rules defined in the system. The design for the device will also have tamper protection and could include other sensors such as gate/door open and closed detection. These events can all be relayed back to the gateway via LoRa wireless.


    fmilburn writes:


    I am interested in LoRa.  The project I have in mind would require one MKR WAN 1300 transmitting environmental data from a buoy or RC type controlled boat and a second MKR WAN 1300 base unit to receive.

    MKR WAN 1300 used in environmental project over water

    LoRa is ideal for the application I have in mind since it is low power and being over water there is line of sight for the relatively long distances I would investigate.  LoRa would be used to communicate both data from the field unit and commands from the base unit.  The data being recorded might include temperature of water and air, water turbidity, location, etc.  At some point a small boat could be made autonomous similar to drones that have GPS with set waypoints and the ability to return to base.  Collected water samples could be taken at waypoints.


    Three are other shields that might prove useful - e.g. the relay shield.  I would have to think some more about that.

    Follow the Challengers

    The Grand Prize competition is open to everyone that wants to demonstrate how engineers would use the MKR line.


    If you want to submit a LoRa project using an Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Board, simply submit your blog post in Arduino Projects or tag it with mkr_giveaway_projects!


    We'll be updating this tab with links to blog posts from the following challenging as well: hobo, mau_igna_06daniloo94 , 14rhb , dougw , snidhi , mahmood.hassan , BigG , and fmilburn.


    You can also enter to win a Free MKR Vidor 4000 (FPGA) Board and pair it with your choice of MKR Proto Shields in:


    Join the Challengers: Freedom of FPGA:  Build an Arduino MKR Vidor 4000 Project for an Arduino Engineering Kit!


    You'll can also win an Arduino Engineering Kit by joining our challengers by submitting an MKR CAN (Controller Area Network) project in:


    Join the Challengers: Auto Hacks and Beyond: Show Us How You Would Use the Arduino MKR WiFi 1010 Board and CAN Shield!






    If you're not familiar with LoRaWAN then you should check out element14 Essentials: IoT II: LoRaWAN for IoT Applications which will introduce you to LPWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network) technologies and how they fit into the Internet of Things. LPWAN enables multi-year battery life and allows you to send small amounts of data over long distances a few times per hours in various environments.  LoRaWAN is short for Long Range Wide Area Network and it falls under the umbrella of other LPWAN technology. Other LPWAN technologies include NB-IoT, Sigfox, LTE-M, RPMA, Weightless-P, and LinkLab Symphony Link.


    LoRa (Long Range) refers to patented wireless data communication technology that is owned by Semtech and LoRaWAN  is the network that LoRa operates on.  LoRa is licensed by Semtech so it is closed and proprietary, while LoraWAN is an open source communication protocol defined by the LoRa consortium (Symphony Link by Link Labs is another open source communication protocol).    As discussed in element14 Essentials: IoT II: LoRaWAN for IoT Applications LoRa uses Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS), a wideband Spread Spectrum technology, simply meaning that CSS spreads the transmission over a wide bandwidth. While LoRa is the physical layer that enables the long-range communication link, LoRaWAN defines the communication protocol, as well as, the architecture for the network. The LoraWAN protocol ensures communication is secure and reliable, adding additional headers to the data packets.  It is the most adopted type of LPWAN, promising ubiquitous connectivity for outdoor IoT applications, while keeping network structure and management simple.


    Although LoRa is a proprietary property of Semtech, they have licensing deals for LoRa with STMicroelectronics and Microchip.  What gives the Arduino MKR 1300 its LoRa connectivity is a Murata CMWXIZZABZ Type ABZ LoRaWAN module which includes an STMicro STM32L0 series ARM Cortex MO+ 32 bit microcontroller (MCU) and a a Semtech ultra long range spectrum wireless transceiver. The ST32 microcontroller includes AT firmaware that you can interface within your sketches.  Communication with the module can be achieved via UART, SPI, or I2C peripheral interfaces.  The module has pre-certified radio regulatory approval for operatign in the 868 and 915 MHz industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) spectrum in most regions of the world.



    MKR Giveways and Upcoming Livestream Series on MKR with Massimo Banzi Cofounder of Arduino!



    {tabbedtable} Tab LabelTab Content
    Contest Details


    Enter to Win:


    Propose a Project (or Repurpose an Existing Project) using the Arduino MKR WAN Shield in the comments below!  The best project proposals win a pair of MKR WAN 1300 boards and a MKR Relay Shield.  should include the Arduino MKR Vidor 4000.


    On November 2nd, we'll announce kit winners for the pair of Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Boards and the MKR Proto Relay Shield for the members who submit the best Project Proposals!


    The contest is open to anyone who wants to participate.  You do not need to win kit in order to enter to win the Grand Prize, an Arduino Engineering Kit.  Simply submit your completed project in the form of a blog under Arduino Projects  or tag it with mkr_giveaway_projects by January 2nd, 2019 for a chance to win.


    On January 9th we'll announce the Grand Prize Winner of an Arduino Engineering Kit for project that best demonstrates how an engineer would use the Arduino MKR WAN 1300 in their project.


    Anyone that submits a completed Arduino MKR Vidor 4000 project by the deadline can win the grand prize.


    Key Dates:


    Kit Winners Announced:2nd November 2018
    Completed Project Deadline:7th January 2019
    Grand Prize Winners Announcement:9th January 2019



    Propose a Smart Device or Repurpose and Existing Project to Win:


    (2) Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Boards and (1) Arduino MKR Relay Proto Shield

    Two Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Boards

    One Arduino MKR Relay Proto Shield

    Buy NowBuy NowBuy NowBuy Now



    How to Win:


    Tell Us How You Would Create a Smart Device using an Arduino MKR 1300 WAN in the comments below. You can propose a project that you competed in the past and upgrade it using the boards and shields.  You can also create a new project based uses two Arduino MKR 1300 WAN boards and one Arduino MKR Relay Shield.  Because we want to demonstrate how an engineer, or a Maker Pro, would use the MKR line we are interested in project proposals that use the Arduino MKR 1300 WAN to create a smart device that uses LoRaWAN connectivity.


    We will announce winners of the (2) Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Boards and (1) on November 2nd, 2018!


    The winners are expected to turn their proposed projects to finished projects by December 18th 2018.    You do not have to win to submit a finished project.  You can simply purchase an Arduino MKR 1300 Board and post your project with the Tag MKR_Giveaway_Projects.  Post them in Arduino Projects or anywhere on the element14 community with the tag so that we can find it.


    We'll Announce the Grand Prize Winner for the Best Project that Shows How an Engineer Would Use an MKR Board on January 9th!

    The Grand Prize Winner Receives an Arduino Engineering Kit!



    Step 1:  Log in or register on element14, it's easy and free.

    Step 2: Post a project proposal in the comments below. Videos, pictures and text are all welcomed forms of submission.

    Step 3:  Sit back, relax, and enjoy the Livestream!  We want you to be able to listen to all the livestreams before completing your finished project.    Sign up for these events using the links below:



    Massimo Banzi, co-founder of Arduino, and Dominic Pajak, a project person and retro computing geek from Arduino, will be giving a 5 part series of livestreams on the commercial uses of Arduino.  The next livestreams will be on October 26th and will cover Arduino MKR Vidor 4000 – Democratizing FPGA .  Be sure to tune in to ask Massimo any questions you have about commercial uses of Arduino!




    Click on the "Enroll Now" buttons below to ask your questions and learn more:


    Livestream DiscussionDate and TimeSign Up!
    Commercial IoT Applications with Arduino MKR14th November 2018
    13:00 (CDT)/19:00 (GMT)
    Enroll Now
    Industrial IoT Applications with Arduino MKR28th November 2018
    13:00 (CDT)/19:00 (GMT)
    Enroll Now


    Previous Livestreams:


    Recorded Live Stream: Massimo Banzi and Dominic Pajak: Arduino MKR: IoT Prototype to Production!


    Recorded Live Stream: Massimo Banzi and Dominic Pajak: Arduino MKR and Wireless IoT Connectivity!


    Recorded Livestream: Arduino MKR Vidor 4000 - Democratizing FPGA



    The deadline to submit your finished or repurposed project is January 2nd in order to give you plenty of time to submit your finished projects after the boards have been shipped.



    LoRa Challenge: Build a Smarter World with the MKR WAN 1300 Board and Relay Proto Shield

    Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Board

    Arduino MKR Relay Proto Shield

    Buy NowBuy NowBuy NowBuy Now

    Arduino MKR WAN 1300 allows you to add Lo-Ra connectivity to your projects with minimum previous experience in networking. It is based on the:

    • Atmel SAMD21
    • Murata  CMWX1ZZABZ Lo-Ra module:
      • STMicro STM32L0 Series ARM Cortex MO +32 bit microcontroller
      • Semtech ultra long range spectrum wireless Receiver

    Its design allows you to power the board using two 1.5V AA or AAA batteries or external 5V.  Switching from one source to the other is done automatically.


    It features 32 bit computational power similar to the MKR ZERO board, the usual rich set of I/O interfaces, low power Lo-Ra communication and the ease of use of the Arduino Software (IDE) for code development and programming.


    All these features make this board the preferred choice for the emerging IoT battery-powered projects in a compact form factor. The USB port can be used to supply power (5V) to the board. The Arduino MKR WAN 1300 is able to run with or without the batteries connected and has limited power consumption.

    The MKR Relay Protoshield allows you to easily add relays to your MKR board based project. The shield provides two relays:

    • RELAY1 commanded by pin 1
    • RELAY2 commanded by pin 2

    The shield also provides easy connection by means of screw terminal blocks to A1 to A4 analog inputs, I2C and supply voltages.

    • Operating voltage 3.3V (supplied from the host board)
    • Two relays with NO, COM and NC connections
    • Works with battery powered board Screw terminal blocks for easy connections
    • Carry current: 2 A
    • Max. operating voltage: 125 VAC, 60 VDC
    • Max. operating current: 1 A
    • Max. switching capacity: 62.50 VA, 30W



    Here is a GitHub Link to Getting Started with the MKR WAN 1000:



    Here is a GitHub link that provides an APIs to Communicate with LoRa and LoRaWAN Networks:



    Did You Know?


    Smart City IoT Projects Currently Account for the highest global hare of IoT Projects worldwide!



    The Grand Prize


    After all the the MKR boards and shields have been sent out we'll be awarding an Arduino Engineering Kit to the best project that shows how an engineer would use the MKR line to repurpose an existing project or a new project.



    Arduino Engineering Kit - MATLAB/SIMULINK
    Buy Now

    Each Arduino Engineering Kit includes:


    • 1 Arduino MKR1000 Board
    • 1 Arduino MKR Motor Shield
    • 1 Arduino MKR IMU Shield
    • 1 DC Motor
    • 2 Geared DC Motors with Encoder
    • 1 Standard Micro Servo (180 degrees)
    • 1 Hall Sensor Module
    • 1 Ultrasonic Sensor Module
    • 1 Webcam
    • 1 LiPo Battery
    • 1 LiPo Battery Charger
    • 1 Micro USB Cable
    • 1 3-pin to 4-pin Tinkerkit Module Cable
    • 1 3-pin Tinkerkit Module Cable MECHANICAL
    • 3 Sets of Assembly Pieces
    • 2 Wheels
    • 1 Caster Wheel
    • 1 Timing Belt
    • 2 Timing Pulley
    • 2 DC Motor Mounting Brackets
    • 1 Metal Shaft (90mm)
    • 2 Metal D Shafts (50mm)
    • 2 Sets of Distance Spacers (6mm, 17mm)
    • 2 Sets of M2 Bolts (10mm, 25mm)
    • 3 Sets of M3 Bolts (10mm, 15mm, 25mm)
    • 1 Set of M2 Nuts
    • 1 Set of M3 Nuts
    • 1 Set of M3 Lock Nuts with Nylon Insert
    • 3 Shaft Collars
    • 1 Propeller Adapter Screw
    • 2 Magnets Ø8 mm
    • 1 Thread 5m
    • 2 Whiteboard Pens
    • 1 Sticker for Vision Recognition
    The Arduino Engineering Kit is the ideal solution for university students, providing a state-of-the-art, hands-on incorporation of Arduino technology in an educational setting.The kit is primarily for three types of users:
    • Students learning about engineering at a university or at a vocational school (e.g., Introductory Engineering, Controls, Mechatronics courses);
    • Professors teaching engineering who also want practical resources to demonstrate engineering concepts;
    • Makers with an interest or background in engineering, either professionally or as a hobby.
    The Arduino Engineering Kit covers fundamental engineering concepts, key aspects of mechatronics, and MATLAB and Simulink programming.Included projects challenges students intellectually and helps develop physical engineering skills — and they’re just fun to do.
    • Self-Balancing Motorcycle This motorcycle will maneuver on its own on various terrains and remain upright using a flywheel for balance. It’s very exciting to build and to see in action.
    • Mobile Rover This vehicle can navigate between given reference points, move objects with a forklift and much more. It’s very fun to make and use.
    • Whiteboard Drawing Robot This amazing robot can take a drawing it’s given and duplicate it on a whiteboard. It’s most impressive.


    The kit is sold in a hard plastic, stackable tool box for storage and years of reuse. Inside the box is an easy-to-use Arduino MKR1000 board, several customized parts, and a complete set of electrical and mechanical components needed to assemble all three projects


    Lora and LoRaWAN enable inexpensive, long-range connectivity for IoT devices in rural, remote, and offshore industries. It has applications in industrial automation, manufacturing, precision farming, smart grid, pipeline monitoring, environment monitoring, smart cities, and healthcare. It is usually suited to applications in which data has to be gathered and aggregated from a number of remote locations. The arrangement of a network is known as the network topology, including nodes and connecting lines. LoraWAN topology, as detailed in element14 Essentials: IoT II, uses a star of stars topology.


    The star of stars topology of LoRaWAN makes it suited to the aggregating function while the long range (up to 5 km urban and 15 km rural) makes it suitable for precision farming, smart grid, or smart cities, where data has to be gathered from a localized area but one that nonetheless can stretch for a few miles or kilometers.  The LoRa physical layer enables communication between sensor nodes and base stations relaying data between the sensor nodes and the network server.It is deployed in a stars-to-stars topology.  The star of stars topology of LoRaWAN makes it suited to the aggregating function while the long range (up to 5 km urban and 15 km rural) makes it suitable for precision farming, smart grid, or smart cities, where data has to be gathered from a localized area but one that nonetheless can stretch for a few miles or kilometers.  The LoRaWAN network is deployed in a star-to-star topology, where base stations relay data between the sensor nodes and the network server.  The LoRa physical layer is used for communication between sensor nodes and base stations over a wireless channel.  An IP-based network handles connections between the gateways and a central server.


    The Things Network: Rise of The Smart City


    It’s not just wired or short range wireless sensors that are having an immediate impact on IoT on the evolving smart city. Long-range alternatives such as LoRaWAN provide a long-range alternative to connect power-efficiently as part of a smart city grid. It also allows enterprise to communicate sensor data through a single gateway for cloud analysis.  Retrofitting an existing building or city for an Internet of Things system can be challenging involve a complex installation of networks based on wired or short range sensor.  An IoT network based on LoRaWAN is significantly less complex and simplifies power efficiency by eliminating power source wiring for GSM, LTE, or WiFi sensors using sensor batteries that last for years opposed to months.  It also provides a secure and reliable connection through dense buildings and a smart city environment. LoRaWAN offers flexibility when selecting different operating accounts such as the unlicensed ISM (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical) band with minimal or no spectrum costs or operating through an external service with addition flexibility and low connection fee.  In South Korea SK Telecom is connecting 99% of its customers through Semtech’s LoRaWAN.  It has also used LoRaWAN to increase the recycling of waste by 46%, reducing costs by 83%. LoRaWAN applications are also heavily for implementing precision metering from smart meters installed throughout an entire building.  It’s estimated that more than a billion end users will securely access real-time data from over 200,000 LoRa gateways by 2019.


    LoRaWAN is one of the LPWAN technologies used by The Things Network in Amsterdam.  You can read about their relationship with Premier Farnell and the element14 community in Case Study | The Things Network – Creating a global public IoT data network.  A Dutch entrepreneur named Wienke Giezeman, came across an early version of a LoRaWAN gateway at a Hackerspace in 2015.  This led to the realization that he only needed 10 of them to cover the entire city Amsterdam. The Things Network was crowd sourced by citizens of Amsterdam and put together in only six weeks. The Things Network network server includes a router, broker, and handler, which processes data packets from the LoRaWAN gateway. It has an AWS Bridge that connects TTN to the AWS IoT platform. From there it spread to other cities around the world.



    Here in Chicago, Comcast provides LoRaWAN coverage through its Machine-Q services (the other cities included in Comcast's coverage include Atlanta, GA; Boston, MA; San Francisco, CA; San Jose, CA; and Washington D.C.) In Thailand, Kiwi Technology and Precise Digital Economy collaborated to develop a network of sensors to help regulate public utilities. Elsewhere, LoRaWAN technology has been used commercially to make the world smarter through enabling intelligent water leakage detection, flood sensors, street lighting, waste management, parking, and more.


    Beyond the Smart City: Connecting a Smarter World


    The demand-side management (DSM) of energy systems, the need to transition toward clean and sustainable energy, has drawn the attention of the global energy sector, under intense environmental pressure.  Constructing a smart grid with an energy-Internet backbone is at the core of government attempts to transition toward a clean energy future.  An example of this can be found in China, in 2016 the Chinese government announced new policies to combine the Internet with smart energy in order to demonstrate new clean energy technology. In India, LoRa enabled street lights offer ultra low energy consumption that will pay for itself in four years.  In the US, LoraWAN is being used in Nevada to enable switching from legacy to solar energy.  The possibilities for a smart grid based on a clean energy system will require a robust communication infrastructure.


    LPWAN technology,  such as LoRaWAN will play a role in the connected world of tomorrow.  According to control theory, you must maximize a system’s observability to enhance the system’s controllability.  This requires abundant information on both the supply and demand side. The IoT provides a reliable tool that can collect information at zero marginal costs. The technical complexity of adding distributed energy sources to the current power automation architecture, restricting the acceptance of DSM applications in the real world.  LPWAN technology offers a possible solution to overcoming barriers in the communication infrastructure and the technology required to establish a smart grid that includes clean energy as a distributed energy source.  That is because LPWAN enables minimum power consumption and maintenance.


    LoRaWAN can also be utilized as part of a smart IoT system, in combination with other LPWAN technologies.  For instance, any telecom operators are working with NB-IoT, LPWAN technology, on a city scale to connect the Internet of Things as part of the Smart City.  NB-IoT works seamlessly with mobile GSM and LTE networks in licensed frequency bands.  By contrast, LoRa technology operates on an unlicensed frequency band, allowing you to build up LoRa gateways similar to the way WiFi routers are used in homes.  LoRa technology is ideal for outlying regions without cellular network coverage, or establishing private networks with specific requirements for quality and security.  The ability to operate on unlicensed bands, ability to operate in outlying regions without cellular network coverage, makes LoRa technology ideal for rural areas, opening up the technology for smart agriculture.  In Australia, a LoRaWAN based network is being used to grow the smart agriculture industry, giving Australian farmers real-time data on soil moisture, rainfall, crops, water levels, and livestock through a netwokr of in situ low-cost wireless sensors.




    In the Comments Below: Propose a Project (or Repurpose an Existing Project) using the Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Board!


    We'll Send an Arduino MKR WAN 1300 Board and a MKR Relay Shield to Use in Your Project!