Introduction

This is the second part in a series of posts on constructing a data logger. The first part provided analog voltage logging capability to SD card. This part 2 now extends the design to include time-stamping capability.

 

This is what the assembled data logger looks like:

rtc-assembled.jpg

 

As a quick test, here is a video showing a light dependent resistor (LDR) that was connected up to the analog input pin (Launchpad connector J2 pin 2) and data logged. (There is a lamp facing the LDR so the video is flooded with light unfortunately). By plugging into the serial port and running PuTTY or any other terminal software, the user can observe the logged values:

 

Here is what got recorded into a text file onto the SD card. Information is logged every second. Each line contains the time, date and analog value. The first line also contains the temperature (the RTC chip has a built-in temperature sensor, and temperature is logged every minute - the code needs to truncate decimal places of course - I forgot to do this).

01:05:58, WED 23/7/2014, 3428, 29.000000
01:05:59, WED 23/7/2014, 3433
01:06:00, WED 23/7/2014, 3455
01:06:01, WED 23/7/2014, 3462
01:06:02, WED 23/7/2014, 3476
01:06:03, WED 23/7/2014, 3475
01:06:04, WED 23/7/2014, 3482
01:06:05, WED 23/7/2014, 3479
01:06:06, WED 23/7/2014, 3477
01:06:07, WED 23/7/2014, 2423
01:06:08, WED 23/7/2014, 903
01:06:09, WED 23/7/2014, 887
01:06:10, WED 23/7/2014, 877
01:06:11, WED 23/7/2014, 871
01:06:12, WED 23/7/2014, 1691
01:06:13, WED 23/7/2014, 1952
01:06:14, WED 23/7/2014, 1959
01:06:15, WED 23/7/2014, 1807
01:06:16, WED 23/7/2014, 3467
01:06:17, WED 23/7/2014, 3469
01:06:18, WED 23/7/2014, 3463
01:06:19, WED 23/7/2014, 2283
01:06:20, WED 23/7/2014, 839
01:06:21, WED 23/7/2014, 811
01:06:22, WED 23/7/2014, 807
01:06:23, WED 23/7/2014, 3435
01:06:24, WED 23/7/2014, 3437
01:06:25, WED 23/7/2014, 3433
01:06:26, WED 23/7/2014, 3425


The information can be directly imported into Excel or other software.

 

Hardware Implementation

This project is built around a Tiva LaunchpadTiva Launchpad. In part 1 the SD card functionality was implemented by soldering on a SD card holder to the underside of stripboard. Now for part 2, the photo below shows the real time clock that was added on the other side:

rtc-topview.jpg

 

For simplicity the chosen RTC chip  was a DS3231S DS3231S device. It doesn’t need many additional components apart from a few resistors and one capacitor. Although the RTC chip is surface mount, it is a large device and therefore easy to solder with a small tipped soldering iron and a breakout board. The backup cell was a 3V Lithium coin cell (CR2032) in a coin cell holder coin cell holder.

 

The completed RTC circuit is shown below:

logger-sch.png

 

Software Implementation

The software reuses the effort from part 1, and adds the capability to be able to set and retrieve time/date information from the real time clock using the I2C bus. The source code is attached below.

 

The menu implementation is quite simple, it just expects an attribute and a value for most commands.

 

If the user holds down a button on the LaunchPad while powering up the board, a blue LED will light. Connecting to the USB serial port and hitting enter will then display this menu:

Hello
Commands:
time (displays the current time)
hr xx (00-23)
min xx (00-59)
sec xx (00-59)
day x (1=SUN, 2=MON, 3=TUE, 4=WED, 5=THU, 6=FRI, 7=SAT)
date xx (01-31)
month xx (01-12)
year xxxx (2014-2099)


 

Once the user has made any configuration changes, the LaunchPad can be power-cycled to exit the menu.

 

Here is a video of the menu interaction:

 

Summary

By implementing an easy-to-use RTC chip, the functionality of the logger has been greatly improved.  Note that although it currently records just one analog channel, a few code changes would allow additional analog recording channels if desired. I2C sensors could be interfaced too. That’s the subject of a later blog post.

 

Source Code

A copy of the source code is attached below (see part 1 for details on what to do with the files to run the code), but see github for the version controlled source code for this project.