Woo Hoo! Three cheers for Adafruit's Circuit Python.
A few months ago when I tried mp3 playback in circuit python I had no success, just a few seconds of gibberish audio (not even the length of the mp3). This was the original guide I followed: https://learn.adafruit.com/mp3-playback-rp2040
Whatever the issue was, they have pushed a fix into their alpha releases: https://github.com/adafruit/circuitpython/issues/4208
Now, just in time for Halloween I can playback MP3 snippets on the Pico!
I assume any recent CircuitPython 7.0 build will work, the one I grabbed happened to be:
Adafruit CircuitPython 7.0.0-rc.1-70-g3e9cf8fa5
This is the sample code I ran on the Pico:
""" CircuitPython single MP3 playback example for Raspberry Pi Pico. Plays a single MP3 once. """ import board import audiomp3 import audiopwmio import time audio = audiopwmio.PWMAudioOut(board.GP2) decoder = audiomp3.MP3Decoder(open("sineimd_24_32.mp3", "rb")) #decoder = audiomp3.MP3Decoder(open("noise.mp3", "rb")) audio.play(decoder) while audio.playing: pass print("Done playing!")
I attached the 2 MP3 files I generated in Audacity. Both MP3 are using a 24 kHz sample rate and are encoded at constant bitrate of 32kbit/s.
"sineimd_24_32.mp3" : 2 Sinusoids with frequencies of 1000 Hz and 1300 Hz.
"noise.mp3": white noise
For PWM audio they are generating a 10 bit PWM. The output frequency on the Pico ends up being 125MHz/1024 ~ 122 kHz.
A scope shot of the PWM output pin:
Here are a few frequency spectrum plots of just the unfiltered PWM DAC pin:
You can also see the images offset from the 24 kHz sample frequency:
After a 2nd order lowpass filter the results are quite reasonable (for low-fi sound effects at least):
I'm not sure if this is audacity or the MP3 compression specification but when you use a sample rate of 24 kHz and a bitrate of 32kbit/s the spectrum is bandlimited to about 8.2 kHz.
You can see this playing back white noise:
This actually works out quite nicely as the sampling image is restricted to being above 16 kHz, this gives a 2nd order RC reconstruction filter at least a bit of a chance to rolloff a few dB.
All in all, thank you Adafruit!